Februari, Colour your life: conifer enkleuren

Who says that conifers are boring, never a good look. There are huge differences. Their leaves are long and narrow (needles) or discontinuous. They are all over the world. Most keep their leaves year round. These are the main timber suppliers in the world and as ornamental trees, they are essential. The huge differences in shape, size and color by growers around the world turned a thousand fold.

A great color range

Conifers are not just green. They come in all colors and even some discoloration throughout the year. But who wants to compose their colors, has tremendous choice.
As an example just a few of the dozens of cultivars but one conifer species (of the 650 that exist), namely Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Alumii’ has blue-gray scales, “Ellwoodii ‘steel blue-gray leaves,’ Erecta ‘bright green twigs,” Lutea “golden scales,” stewartii “is gold, but older twigs are green,” Wisselii ‘has dark-like tufts at the ends of the twigs.

Why boring? And there are not only huge leaf color differences: bark, cones (sometimes purple), flowers (sometimes bright red) and (apparent) berries (think of the blue juniper) also play their role.

 

 

We pick out a few

The conical Abies procera ‘Glauca’ with its bluish-gray needles will eventually only a few meters high. Even though young trees are 20-25 cm long, upright cones. This cultivar is sometimes a blue Christmas tree (with root) purchased. Not suitable for chalky soil.

Cedrus deodara ‘Golden Horizon’ is a ground cover, yellow signal term cultivar of up to 60 m high himalajaceder to include in the mountains of Afghanistan occurs at altitudes up to 3000 m. ‘Golden Horizon’ grows low and wide, and is only 50 cm high. Sun and for each soil. Pretty as a solitary.

Pinus thunbergii ‘Banshosho’ forms a dense, up to 1 m high, spheroid, grows well in clay and sandy soil and tolerates salty sea air. The bright green needles are close together in pairs on the branches that bear many buds. In Japan, bonsai are often formed from. The bright, spring-like green dwergden this is very striking.

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Ivonne’ is a golden yellow, conical cultivar of the California cypress that is very hardy, well pruned leaves and grows by any means. Californian cypresses false cypresses are discontinuous with foliage. You recognize them from the twigs, which are wider than thick, slightly flattened. For full sun and prefer slightly acid soil.

Gardening tips for February

It’s time for pruning and pollarding (trained lime trees, etc.), but leaves bloody, such as birch, maple and walnut, with rest. By the start of this month, grape and kiwi pruning. You can limit ivy and a part of the old blade flipping. Virginia creeper and bridal veil (Fallopia) you may now address. Make sure evergreens and plants in containers do not dry out while bare frost (if no snow) and bright sunshine.

 

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Abies koreana choose another one, a beautiful fir tree as a Christmas tree

Oh pine, pine oh, what are your branches wonderful. “Christmas is approaching again, and thus the interest in Christmas trees. While the song suggests otherwise, are not really pine trees, but spruce trees. Plant of the Month in December, Abies koreana, with its striking perhaps the most beautiful of all the fir trees.

Abies koreana is a very graceful member of the fir family. He has beautiful cones and a nice pyramidal shape. If there is a silver fir is the addition of “wonderful” has earned, then this is it. The species is, as its name suggests, originating in East Asia. It is a slow growing and relatively low-growing tree. In 10 years, he was barely higher than 2.5 m. Only when he really gets old, he reaches into our country a height to 15 m.

Thanks to modest growth and manageable format, the Abies koreana be planted almost anywhere. It fits perfectly in a smaller garden and comes in a planter on the patio or balcony into its own.
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Elegant Christmas decorations

The soft needles of Abies koreana are facing. They are somewhat flat and about 1.5 cm long. They do so a bit like the needles of a juniper bush. The top of the needles is glossy bright green, while the underside silvery white in color. That gives this kind of fir trees all year round and a very attractive appearance.

In most species Abies cones appear later in life, as the trees age and height. Abies koreana produces at an early age. If the tree is only 1 m high, though the first appearance. The upright seed cones of Abies koreana are strikingly beautiful. When they change color from green ripening to a beautiful purple blue. The cones are very chic and elegant Christmas decorations to make.

No wet feet

Like most silver fir Abies koreana grows best in a sunny spot, in a slightly acid soil. If the soil in your garden is very rich in calcium, make an extra large hole. Fill the space around the plant root ball with a mixture of the excavated soil and plenty of pine forest soil. Then the tree most likely to grow out nicely.

The soil should be well let rainwater because firs hate wet feet. The growth is less and there is potential for leaf discoloration and loss of needles.

A true solitary

Abies koreana comes into its own as a solitary, such as a nice spot in the lawn. Around the Christmas lights in the unit may also be hung.

Even if a background in heath or rock garden, this Korean pine because of its modest growth to good use. If you Abies koreana in combination with other trees to use, such as cedars and other conifers, put it in front of each case. Because it grows so slowly it would otherwise be overshadowed by the other species.

Beautiful ‘outside’ Christmas trees

There are several other beautiful low growing silver fir, which also can be used as a solitary. These differences in the Abies koreana in the color of the needles and cones, and the shape of the tree. Good examples are the Abies balsamea ‘Nana’, a dark green, dwarf spherical shape, with short needles, and Abies lasiocarpa ‘Compacta’, a dense, conical dwarf species with short bluish white needles.

A nice low ‘normal’ spruce Picea abies is the ‘Little Gem’, a dwarf form with bright green needles. Other higher growth spruce forests well as specimen trees can be used, the Serbian spruce (Picea omorika), a very slender, upright tree with graceful branches, and the blue spruce (Picea pungens f. glauca).

For any size yard is a spar to find as a “Christmas tree” is very suitable for outdoor.

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Abies koreana choose another one, a beautiful fir tree as a Christmas tree

 

Oh pine, pine oh, what are your branches wonderful. “Christmas is approaching again, and thus the interest in Christmas trees. While the song suggests otherwise, are not really pine trees, but spruce trees. Plant of the Month in December, Abies koreana, with its striking perhaps the most beautiful of all the fir trees.

Abies koreana is a very graceful member of the fir family. He has beautiful cones and a nice pyramidal shape. If there is a silver fir is the addition of “wonderful” has earned, then this is it. The species is, as its name suggests, originating in East Asia. It is a slow growing and relatively low-growing tree. In 10 years, he was barely higher than 2.5 m. Only when he really gets old, he reaches into our country a height to 15 m.

Thanks to modest growth and manageable format, the Abies koreana be planted almost anywhere. It fits perfectly in a smaller garden and comes in a planter on the patio or balcony into its own.

Elegant Christmas decorations

The soft needles of Abies koreana are facing. They are somewhat flat and about 1.5 cm long. They do so a bit like the needles of a juniper bush. The top of the needles is glossy bright green, while the underside silvery white in color. That gives this kind of fir trees all year round and a very attractive appearance.

In most species Abies cones appear later in life, as the trees age and height. Abies koreana produces at an early age. If the tree is only 1 m high, though the first appearance. The upright seed cones of Abies koreana are strikingly beautiful. When they change color from green ripening to a beautiful purple blue. The cones are very chic and elegant Christmas decorations to make.

No wet feet

Like most silver fir Abies koreana grows best in a sunny spot, in a slightly acid soil. If the soil in your garden is very rich in calcium, make an extra large hole. Fill the space around the plant root ball with a mixture of the excavated soil and plenty of pine forest soil. Then the tree most likely to grow out nicely.

The soil should be well let rainwater because firs hate wet feet. The growth is less and there is potential for leaf discoloration and loss of needles.

A true solitary

Abies koreana comes into its own as a solitary, such as a nice spot in the lawn. Around the Christmas lights in the unit may also be hung.

Even if a background in heath or rock garden, this Korean pine because of its modest growth to good use. If you Abies koreana in combination with other trees to use, such as cedars and other conifers, put it in front of each case. Because it grows so slowly it would otherwise be overshadowed by the other species.
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Beautiful ‘outside’ Christmas trees

There are several other beautiful low growing silver fir, which also can be used as a solitary. These differences in the Abies koreana in the color of the needles and cones, and the shape of the tree. Good examples are the Abies balsamea ‘Nana’, a dark green, dwarf spherical shape, with short needles, and Abies lasiocarpa ‘Compacta’, a dense, conical dwarf species with short bluish white needles.

A nice low ‘normal’ spruce Picea abies is the ‘Little Gem’, a dwarf form with bright green needles. Other higher growth spruce forests well as specimen trees can be used, the Serbian spruce (Picea omorika), a very slender, upright tree with graceful branches, and the blue spruce (Picea pungens f. glauca).

For any size yard is a spar to find as a “Christmas tree” is very suitable for outdoor.

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Plants on the balcony or terrace 2005: dwarf pines clothe the winter terrace or balcony

Dwarf Pines in bold, large pots dress winter terrace. They are evergreen, slow growing and slow their growth winterhard.Door few centimeters a year, dwarf pine perfect for little in
rock garden, small garden and a balcony or terrace.
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The bergdennetje dwarf Pinus mugo ‘Humpy’ For example, after 10 years only 35 inches. Pinus mugo pumilio was by then 50 inches and Pinus mugo ‘Mops’ 80 inches.
They have their own color and shape. ‘Humpy’ is a small green dwarf. Pumilio is a green scab and “Pug” a dark gray-green spherical dennetje. The dwarf pine are new every spring, bright green needles and a few years after they get real cones. In short they do everything the big one does.

 

You are here plants on the balcony or terrace 2005: dwarf pines clothe the winter terrace or balcony
Plants on the balcony or terrace 2005: dwarf pines clothe the winter terrace or balcony
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By Webmaster – Posted on December 2, 2005

Dwarf Pines in bold, large pots dress winter terrace. They are evergreen, slow growing and slow their growth winterhard.Door few centimeters a year, dwarf pine perfect for little in
rock garden, small garden and a balcony or terrace.

The bergdennetje dwarf Pinus mugo ‘Humpy’ For example, after 10 years only 35 inches. Pinus mugo pumilio was by then 50 inches and Pinus mugo ‘Mops’ 80 inches.
They have their own color and shape. ‘Humpy’ is a small green dwarf. Pumilio is a green scab and “Pug” a dark gray-green spherical dennetje. The dwarf pine are new every spring, bright green needles and a few years after they get real cones. In short they do everything the big one does.
 
A collection of dwarf pines in the winter terrace pot dresses

dwarf forms

Dwarf forms come in all shapes, colors and sizes. They are just different ways of nature created and selected by breeders. What they have in common is that they remain smaller than their relatives who are known as large trees or shrubs.

Another example is the Abies balsamacea ‘Nana’. This is a dwarf form of the silver fir.
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Minima Glauca’ and ‘Minima Aurea’ are dwarf cypress. And there are many more dwarfs to the terrace with dressing.

winter Terrace

Plants on the winter terrace require extra attention, even if they are hardy, like our dwarf pines. That’s because they grow in pots. At low temperatures has been temporarily moved to a barn a solution, wrap the pot with bubble wrap or a reed mat around places.

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Atmosphere in the Garden – color (autumn) combinations with conifers

Conifers with their needle-leaf and discontinuous are very intriguing. It seems that they change little, but now … Who will pay attention throughout the year sometimes huge variations in color occur, remarkable growth, specific reactions. Only they do it very gradually. For example, there are only a few in once their leaves (Ginkgo, Larix), the others do almost needle to needle. This works so slowly that we hardly.
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Who wants to relax, to take certain conifers in the garden. Conifers not only natural, in combination with other plant groups. Soon emerges that something special especially intense calm breathes. Conifers appear to have ever have the time. And this is true, because there are conifers from 5000 (!) Years old. Unbelievable, but true. Then where would you bother?

The unprecedented diversity

Conifers are not just evergreen. The said Ginkgo Larix and the curious duck legs with its brilliant yellow leaves change color in autumn before shedding their leaves. Others like the Japanese cypress (Cryptomeria) gradually fade over the year: ‘Elegans’ is in the fall of blue-green purple, others of green, yellow green, more blue, etc. There are also species that are bronze.

Almost all conifers are very striking young leaves in spring, some have prominent cones (violet-blue on the Serbian spruce (Picea omorika), other fur, yellow, blue or even different colored leaves. And all these different growth forms: columns , bulbs, wild bushes, high crown forms, weeping trees, creepers, dwarfs and giants, and of course special topiary. Nature and breeders have a huge variety of “made”.

 
 
The point is, combine

The apparent timelessness of conifers has a great positive influence in a garden when solitary may grow between the plants from groups that much more ‘noise’ make soothing yellow green Buxus and conifers surrounded by ocher / orange autumn bloomers, gray-blue ground cover conifers in the midst of a blue-purple, gray planting and white, column green conifers in very low fields, colorful plants.

It’s all possible with many types and breeding forms of silver fir (Abies), cedar (Cedrus), dwergcipres (Chamaecyparis), Japanese cypress (Cryptomeria), × Cupressocyparis (where the famous Leylandcipres belongs), Japanese walnut tree (Ginkgo biloba) , juniper (Juniperus), spruces (Picea), pine (Pinus), Taxus, Thuja, Tsuga and much more.
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care

Put conifers never drip of eaves or other plants. Plant them as deep as they stood at the nursery or pot (see the discoloration on the trunk). Prune or cut them not behind the green. Bare branches do not run anymore, except for Taxus. Most conifers like slightly acidic soil. Give no lime or bone meal. Give special conifers in spring fertilizer. There’s everything they need (the right trace).

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The mistletoe, mistletoe or mistletoe – Viscosum album: the story of a parasite and parasite half

The Viscum album, also called Mistletoe, Mistletoe Bird Glue or called a special plant, through the English Christmas tradition here has been entered. You know the story: a piece of mistletoe hanging in the doorway and you get a kiss from one who is standing on that spot. The mistletoe, which grows in the crowns of trees alive and green even in midwinter, and its peculiar, fork-shaped branched stalks and ribbon-shaped leaves, has been the most ancient times to the imagination of people spoke. In the mythology of many peoples, she played a major role and was honored as a sacred plant in ancient Europe. She was the symbol of the reawakening life and played a major role in the religious celebration of the solstice, the shortest day.
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Druids used it as a sacrifice to the gods with golden knives and the mistletoe they are pruned from the trees and prepared drinks are healing. At full moon were the priests the sacred oak forest, with two white bulls at his side, who shone in the moonlight. What rituals they performed, we know not, but that the mistletoe or mistletoe still appeals to the imagination.

In the Celtic language meant mistletoe ‘cure-all’ and they believed that the miraculous healing powers. It not only cured diseases, but could also cleanse all toxins, fertilize, protect people from witchcraft, and protect the house from ghosts. Mistletoe brought happiness to anyone who had.

 
 
 
Parasites

We know that there are animals that live as parasites on other people and their proboscis their victims to bleed to feed themselves so. There are also plants that are not using their roots feed, but
easier to find a meal with others to find. This plant, however, half parasite.
The plant lives on the branches of its host and drains the water there, and with that water, the presence of nutrients that other plants from the soil record. She-opt not only to the pocket of her host, because the carbon dioxide assimilation shall itself accounted for. Unlike chlorophyll and parasites, it also is actually half parasite. She is also able to include the water and their corresponding salts, and carbon dioxide from the air itself all the substances it needs to prepare for the construction of her body.

 
The yellowish green stalks are removed immediately from the branches of the ‘housing boom and fork-shaped branch out, always two by two, because at the end of each twig is a flower bud. Although they are rather brittle, they can still withstand the winter storms because their leaves are at the foot always more or less twisted. This means that different parts of the blade in different directions, so that the air in much smaller streams dissolved.

Lack of water is a problem that the mistletoe in winter faces. The water they used, it can only get from the tree on which she lives and it can from the cold, frozen ground is often very little water intake. But the leaves are leathery and therefore the plant is able to withstand drought for months. A cut branch remains even in the room very long verse.

The flowers, look no further than big green buttons, the dioecious mistletoe are very small and unobtrusive, both in shape and also color. They are barely visible, but it smells strongly and contain honey. That’s why they get many visitors from insects, especially since the flowers open in March and there is little honey sources found. In a normal flower are sepals and petals, stamens and pistils and clearly distinguishable. Mistletoe flower shows this distinction. There are only a few millimeters long four petals, which are both sepals and petals and pollen also produce (in male flowers). The female flower is no clear masher, but only a little high arched stalk-like tissue seen.

Spread

Now how is that strange plant (in) the tree?

The only truly striking appearance, is the fruit. The berries are about the size of a pea, whose white color stand out clearly against the green of leaves and branches. They have a translucent skin including the mucous tissue is visible.
They are eagerly eaten particularly special not only by the mistle thrush (Turdus viscivorus), but also by his cousin, the great kramvogel (Turdus pliaris). The waxwing (Bombycila garruus) also provides for the distribution of mistletoe at higher altitudes to grow Abies and Pinus.

The berries are extremely sticky juice (lime) so that the seeds easily stick to their feathered butt. If they are eaten then change the droppings of the birds in a sticky, glue-like substance in long strings is pulled out. Iron birds now, after the meal, their beaks on, a branch, or stick them continue their droppings, then the hard, indigestible seeds in its place where they can
germinate. The chance that they will develop there is great, because in that place securely fastened.
So it is to explain why they often carrots on the side or bottom of a branch. The kiemworteltje that always manages to find the branch, so the light penetrates the bark afgroeit-up within the wood and then sends out roots in all directions that run beneath the bark. From this “marsh roots’ roots than others, the ‘zinc roots’ in the young wood layer and penetrate increasingly deeper into the ever thickening branch reach.

This plant is found in England and central Europe to the Dutch South Limburg and grows mostly poplars, fruit trees and conifers also they have to.
It has therefore long thought that the plant has a preference for those trees. But it’s not the Mistletoe who prefer one tree grows on the other, but the mistle thrush who prefer sitting in orchards or poplar.

Want to try?

Do you want a mistletoe in the garden. Then buy the florist a branch with berries. Squeeze the berries fine and lubricate the sticky seeds on the tree branch. A large thrush It is not necessary. And then wait for it.

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Surinamese vegetables: maka, ocher, pepper, powder, cherry pineapple, cucumber, blueberry and Laboe

Maka – Solanum sisymbriiflorum: in our language, the plant Litchitomaat mentioned, but this flag does the load. In Suriname, this plant is considered undesirable (ie as a weed). I once cultivated, but the fruit was not much. Maka The word, which means spine says it all. Just for curiosity is the fruit mentioned here. So do not be seduced by beautiful names.
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Ochre – Abelmoschus esculentus

The large numbers of seeds offered to give in practice only disappointment. Even in Suriname takes much patience before they see fruit. Let alone in this cold little country.
I have grown this plant for many years, but the fruits of my fingers to count.
Experience the advice: “Not to begin.”

Pepper – Capsicum Anum

The (strong) Surinamese peppers are such Ajoema and Madame Jeanette. Very early in the home (in February) to grow at about 22 degrees C. Any transplanting.
Then mid-May in the greenhouse or flat container planting. Some not so strong as Jalopeno peppers can be put outside. Placed the peppers in the greenhouse for self-pollination often vibrate.

Poe – Lagenaria siceraria

Fertilization takes place by night insects. Because most tropical plants are grown in the greenhouse deserves preference. With its sweet mild flavor is preferred for the night clear to see.
Shown here is the most common species in Suriname. They pick them for a length of 20 cm. Besides the tropical species are also species from temperate regions, eg the Mediterranean.
The latter can be grown outside in our region. For tropical species, the greenhouse is recommended. Personally, I apply the system to warm feet. After the heat for seed planting in the greenhouse and outside lead. Indeed, outside the night insects have faster access to the flower. The experience is that most fruits are outside development.

Pineapple Cherry – Physalis peruviana edulis

The berry is known by many different botanical names and Dutch. I like the convenience of Cherry Pineapple with synonyms and Cape gooseberry inkapruim. The plant is related to the famous Chinese lantern plant. The plant originates from South and Central America. And used
in salads, jams and fresh.
I grow them in April for home and plant them out in May out. I just let them go about their business, and harvest them as the shell of the berries dry.

Antillean cucumber – Cucumis angurieie

This from the West Indies (particularly Jamaica) come komkommertje spiking even in the cold greenhouse unsuccessful. Although they can be fried, we use them mainly fresh or in salads. Mid-April I sow in pots under a temperature of 20 degrees C. out, and put them in mid-May in a cold greenhouse.

In the summer I have reasonable than a handful of fruit, Fruit set can be found primarily in the autumn. So apparently a short day plant.
Because they need a lot of heat rently I did not regularly.
This year the cold has been grown in advance failed.

Blueberry – Solanum nigrum

This well-known weeds like nightshade Black berry also known as Huckleberry is not toxic, and is mainly cultivated in North America. The plant is larger and has larger fruit than those known nightshade, in Suriname as a vegetable under the name Gumawiri is grown. The berries are preserved and incorporated into cakes.

Weather for cultivation in home or greenhouse and plant out in the garden. One must be
the comments that you eat poisonous berries for granted.
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Laboe siam – Sechium edule

This cucumber-like fruit is native to South America. Though I did early April at home and sometimes on the ground in a cold greenhouse cultivation, I have never had fruit. But very large plants. The reason for the early planting is that they are cooled from August to March, and I supplied them sold in stores by tropical products.

The fruits are pear shaped with a groove at the thicker end. Because of this fruit in half lengthwise to dig downwards creates a carrot and a stalk upwards. Frankly, this is a great sensation. Even if they are outside the refrigerator at home stores they run out within weeks. Also, root and branches in the right direction.
They can be boiled, stuffed or eaten fresh. But even in the hot summer last year had no flowers and fruits.

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