Vertical features

A garden that exists only on the horizontal plane, with all the plants well below eye level, can be monotonous. Try to include vertical features— man-made or natural—at appropriate internals. They will help to anchor the rest of the plants and make the garden feel less exposed.
Any planting scheme needs to . have a vertical as well as a horizontal dimension. Ideally, you need to create these changes of level at several points, so that the eye does not travel automatically to the farthest distance. One trick is to create “compartments” within the garden, so that it is made up of smaller gardens within the whole. These can be screened off completely or partially as you wish.

Among the vertical elements at your disposal arc the tallest plants—primarily trees and
shrubs—as well as man-made structures such as screens, arbors, tunnels, and arches over which climbing plants can be encouraged to grow. Try to match the style of any structure to the garden. There are various materials and forms you can choose. Natural materials, such as willow or hazel, have become increasingly popular; they are ideal materials for rustic-style obelisks, screens, or trellises, which suit cottage-style plants such as clematis, roses, and sweet peas {Lathyrus odoratus).

If you create trellis screens, either to increase the height of boundary fences or walls or to create compartments within the garden, opt for stout branches rather than flimsy, commercials produced trellis. Paint the wood a soft sage-green or blue-gray, to match the plants and act as a preservative. An trellis will need stout posts at intervals to secure it. These should be sunken into the soil and fitted with lead caps to prevent rot. Consult a fencing specialist for detailed information.

Vertical planting

If you enjoy roses, it is worth creating an arbor or rope trellis on which to display them. Old-fashioned climbing roses are among the most spectacular examples, with softly quartered petals and a fine scent.
Foliage can also be used to clothe vertical features. The crimson glory vine (Vitis coigne-tiae) has huge heart-shaped leaves that turn a rich, ruby-red in autumn. The golden-leaved common hop (Humulus Iwpulus ‘Aureus’) creates a splash of pure gold in a sunny area.
Plants will cascade downward as well as grow upward. You can use the tops of walls for tumbling plants such as rockcress (Anbrietias), twinspur (Diascias), or nasturtiums. Pots can be mounted on otherwise plain walls and then filled with plants. For unity, color-theme the plants to
shades of one color, or perhaps to a color that is warm-toned (hot reds, yellows, oranges, purples, and pinks) or cool-toned (whites, pale blues, pale pinks, and pale lemons). Good plants lor settings like these are verbenas, pansies (Viola), and petunias, combined with foliage plants such as licorice plant (Helichrysum petiolare).
You can plant large shrubs or trees at strategic points to create a “slop'” or focal point. Large containers of tall plants, such as yuccas (Yucca) or cordy-lines (Cordyline), can also be used and, being portable, enable you to make changes at different times of the year, depending on which features you wish to highlight.

Clothing walls with climbing plants produces an enormous area ol flower power for a relatively small investment of horizontal space. In small gardens particularly this is a great bonus.

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