Types of cutting
Cuttings can be taken at various points when separating the shoot from the parent plant. Stem cuttings are cut straight across the stem, just below the tip this is usually where the current season’s growth begins.
Heel cuttings are created by pulling off a side shoot so that it brings ,i sliver of the stem (the heel) with it.
Basal cuttings are prepared from new shoots that are growing from the crown of a plant, mainly hardy perennials. Remove these cuttings when they are about 2 in. high, as close to the crown as possible.
Looking after cuttings
The cuttings need special care in the early stages in order to encourage new roots to form.
Special compost (a mix of equal parts of peat and sharp sand), warmth, light, and moisture are all required. The danger with many cuttings is that they will dry out before they have made roots, so some kind of transparent cover is necessary. Professionals use mist propagation units, but a cut-down clear plastic bottle will serve the purpose of retaining much-needed moisture and humidity around cuttings in a pot. A heated propagating case is the ideal piece of equipment for rooting cuttings.
Since some cuttings can take up to six months to root, the temptation is often to pull them up and inspect them before the process is complete. You can usually tell when the plants have rooted, as one or two small new leaves will
appear on the stem, and it is only then that you should decide to plant the cutting.

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