Pruning and training roses

One of the all-time favorite plants, popular in many styles of gardens, roses are actually often ill-treated by the gardener, due to a lack of understanding of their needs. There are many different types of roses, as breeders over
the centuries have perfected hybrids of many different kinds, and the different types perform in different ways. To get the best out of the roses in your garden, you need to know which group your rose belongs to, as this will deter¬mine the right way to treat it. The
different groups of roses inehioa bush roses (hybrid tea and flan bunda, shrub and species roses, climbers, and ramblers. Climbers flower at least twice a yen ramblers only once.
Most bush and shrub roses form a fairly wide-spreading plant about 5 ft. tall. General! speaking, they require no special pruning different from any other deciduous, summer-flowering shrub. You can prune them in late autumn or very early spring.
Climbing roses
Climbing roses are popular but their pruning needs cause main headaches. There are several different groups, each demanding different pruning techniques.
The first group is (he ramblers, which arc vigorous, flower on old wood, and produce new canes from the base. Generally, the best system of
The best time to prune rambling roses is in late summer, when the old flowering shoots
can still be seen and the new shoots are growing rapidly.
1 After flowering in summer, remove some of the older, unproductive stems with a saw. Cut long sections into smaller pieces in order to do this.
2 Trim back the young growths to four or five buds. These will produce new shoots that carry the following year’s flowers.
3 Te in some of the long, vigorous shoots with siring. These will act as replacements for the old growths you removed.

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