Bonsai propagation by grafting: the side-graft and graft top Bonsai grow by grafting (Tsugiki)

By grafting “melt” as it were with a rootstock to graft together. This method is used to quickly increase the number of species available. It is also used for an additional branch of a tree grow. It is not possible for two completely different species of vaccination may be different botanical species within a genus are grafted together, for example a needle five parties (Pinus parviflora) on a Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii).

Grafting is the fusion of a rootstock, called root stem, with the upper part, the so-called top-graft cuttings.
There are two ways to graft, each with different goals: side-grafting and top-grafting.
The best time to graft is late fall / early winter.

Side-grafting
Side-grafting is used for two purposes: the creation of additional branches on a tree and growing new trees.
When you attach a side-grafting a branch of a tree, when the graft is one made ​​with the tree you can see the stem above the graft point cut so you can start raising a new tree. You can also choose the rest of the stem intact, then you let the graft as a branch growing along the existing trunk.

Roadmap for the side-slips:

1. First you find a suitable top-graft to adhere to the root stem, it must come from a healthy tree and about 5 inches long. See photo 1.

The root does not necessarily stem from the pot to be taken if you only want to attach a branch to a Bonsai tree, of course, you do not have to repot.)

2. Take now, with a very sharp knife and flat, a notch in the tree of about 1 cm. Cut only the bark (bark), not too deep. See photo 2.

3. Cut the tip of the top-graft (1 cm) diagonally and move it with the beveled edge to the middle of the trunk in the trunk root.

4. Wrap some rope tightly around the “wound” around.

The Aftercare

After about two months, the top-graft cuttings show signs of life. The rope has yet least one year so that the top-graft sit well connect with the tribe.
If the top-graft as a branch of the tree should you do nothing else to do.
When the top-graft itself to the tree to form you just above the point of attachment to the rest of the tree cut. After about 2 years after the grafting, the grafts to be like a tree.

Top-grafting
Top-grafting is used only for growing new trees. When you have a top grafted root system with a part of the trunk when you close a top-graft. You attach 2 pieces together instead of a top-graft attached to a root stock. On photo 2 above, you would not make it across the diagonal notch root stem cutting.

Steps for top-grafting:

1. First you find a suitable top-graft to adhere to the root stem, it must come from a healthy tree and about 7 inches long.
The root stock should be about as thick as a pencil and it should be about 10 cm long, thin stems to inoculation is harder but not impossible.
(The root does not stem from his bowl to be removed!)

2. Use a sharp knife and flat from the part where the root stock is cut a notch in the root stock of about 1.5 cm deep. This incision must be something in the middle of the family are.

3. Cut the tip of the top-graft (1.5 cm) diagonally and move it with the beveled edge to the middle of the trunk in the trunk root.

4. Wrap some rope tightly around the “wound” around.

The Aftercare

After about one year, the graft became one of the root stem. Yet it is wise to remove the wire only after two summers. Two years after the graft begins to grow and after three years he begins to resemble a tree. The point where the graft is applied will be thicker than the rest of the tribe, after the fourth year will be less.

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