A living fossil
The ginkgo biloba tree is probably the oldest living plant species in the world. There are a few natural sites in the mountains of eastern China. Through China and Japan where the tree was planted in the temples, he came to Europe. The ginkgo leaf is unique, it’s fan-shaped, usually has two lobes. The fan-shaped veins depart from the short petiole.
Botanically speaking, the ginkgo is a precursor of the conifers (cone bearers). The ginkgo is dioecious, meaning that there are “male” and “female” trees exist. The male trees produce pollen sacs with spikes, the females produce naked seeds with a yellowish coating. At maturity the shell spreads a foul smell, the seeds are edible. In China, there are selections from the larger seeds in ginkgo.
The vegetative propagation can be done by winter cuttings. Male trees are propagated by grafting, these are usually considered ornamental or avenue tree is used. Generative is the multiplication by seed, similar to the sowing of the walnut.
The ginkgo tree is very old, but the tree is in childhood or cone-shaped column. Later in life he grows in width and height (to about 25 m).
The tree is certainly hardy, very resistant to pollution and undemanding on the ground. Still, it grows best in rich soil. The tree is usually for sale in pots of 3 liters (about 1m.), Or directly from soil. Planting a tree in open ground is from late October to late March.
Pruning of the ginkgo
In childhood is important that the tree to help retain a central trunk. Pruning is usually not necessary. If you still want to do pruning, do it up in winter, with frost again. The ginkgo bleed easily from the wound. The wound with a wound healing treatments lakes (paste) is highly recommended.
An interesting aspect of the ginkgo is an extract of the leaves stimulates the circulation. A Ginkgo biloba extract has a pharmacological effect on various parts of the nervous and circulatory system. This extract increases blood flow to the brains and improves transmission of nerve signals. The improved blood flow to the brains also increases oxygen and glucose supply so short periods of amnesia, dizziness, headache, reduced alertness, and depression can be combated. People who suffer from cold feet and hands can be helped with this agent. If you wish, you can make tea from the leaves of the ginkgo!
The many positive characteristic open and the medical importance of this oerboom makes him worth planting. It’s always nice addition to the ornamental value of the tree, a strong symbolic value, and a beautiful (fossil) story is involved.