Liquidambar styraciflua – Amberboom: species, pruning, naming, location, use
Amberboom – Liquidambar styraciflua
Hamamelidaceae – witch hazel family
There are few trees that change color in autumn as impressive as the amberboom. With its orange-yellow, wine red or deep purple leaves make it a jewel for weeks in garden or park.
Native to the amberboom in Central – and Eastern America and Mexico. He grows in mixed, humid forests along rivers.
Naming Liquidambar styraciflua
The word amberboom has to do with the resin (amber) which is extracted from the bark incision.
The word is derived from the Latin liquidambar liquidus some liquid means.
Styraciflua indicates the similarity with the American Styrax.
Plant Characteristics amberboom
The amberboom is a deciduous tree 25 meters high. But it takes a long time because he is a slow grower. The crown is initially narrow and conical, later, wide and rounded.
The leaves are similar to those of the maple. The difference is that they cut deeper and long-standing steal. The edges are sawn. At the top, they are glossy dark green and have fine hairs in the corners of the veins. The branches of older trees are often covered with distinctive “winged” cork lists.
The flowers appear in May, are inconspicuous. There develop (a mature tree) 3 cm large, round fruit that often during the entire winter on the tree remain. They resemble those of plane trees. In old age, the system branches irregularly shaped.
The amberboom is our mainly planted for its beautiful autumn colors, which we enjoy for weeks.
Location Liquidambar styraciflua
The most amberboom comes into its own as a specimen for light walls or fences, light green plants and lawns. He also looks at a pond where he can reflect in the water.
Amberboom has plenty of light and grows best in a nutrient-rich, slightly acidic soil that is water permeable. Under Planting is not favorable because it an open ground.
It is recommended that a amberboom to plant 2 or 3 years old and then the central leader as soon as possible to remove distortion in later life to avoid. Pruning can be from early November to early March. Dead wood can be removed during the summer.
Transplanting will amberboom blame. So plant it right on the spot where he can be mature.
He does not suffer from diseases.
The amberboom provides a resin that is used for perfume production. In the U.S. we use it for chewing gum (sweet gum) and for flavoring candy, beverages and tobacco.
In the past, the resin component of a shoe cream.
In folk medicine it is part of a resin products for colds and skin diseases.
The red-brown wood is used for veneer and furniture.
The weeping form ‘forma pendula’ has drooping branches.
The Eastern amberboom (Liquidambar orientalis) is native to Asia Minor. He will be 10 m high. He cork lists to multi twigs.
Liquidambar formosana var. monticola can reach a height of 20 meters. He is native to the zuiwesten of China. For us he is resistant to frost.