small paardekastanje

Aesculus pavia ‘Koehnei’ or dwarf chestnut

Back below the range “rare small trees for small gardens,” I want this time to get acquainted with the slowest growing dwarf horse chestnut, Aesculus pavia namely the ‘Koehnei ”

Our nursery also has several small permanent and rare trees, it is our specialty! These are usually a small tribe that bred and can also easily be used as a balcony or patio plant in a pot. The big advantage is that you have these trees in winter may be just outside it!

1. Why these dwarf plants?

The ordinary horse is seldom seen in a garden with city size. The ordinary type is simply too great. Yet there are species that are smaller in size and a place in your garden deserve. The ordinary and famous horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum full name. In the eighteenth century, species such as Pavia from the west and southeastern United States entered. They were then found in the forests and canyons of North Carolina to central Florida and southern Illinois to eastern Texas

These varieties are much smaller in size and height and are ideal for a solitary in a small garden to be planted. One of these is the breeding

Aesculus pavia ‘Koehnei, the slowest growing of its kind.

2. Naming:

Genus: Aesculus

Type: pavia

Cultivar: ‘Koehnei ”

Family: Hippocastanaceae

Dutch name: Red dwarf chestnut

English: red buckeye

Provenance: from the western and southeastern United States

Hardy: Very good, even in pots! Zone 4 to Zone 7. > -25 ° C

3. Aesculus pavia the variety ‘Koehnei ”

This red dwarf horse is usually grown as a shrub and is therefore usually Multi-trunk or trunk which grows in a very compact spherical crown.

It is a dwarf (seedling) Aesculus pavia of “discolor”. ‘Discolor’> from Latin dis, which expresses and color separation, color: different colors. The word is mainly used for plants whose leaves are strikingly different colored or tinted lower than the top, sometimes even for plants with old leaves in color different from the young.

In spring the leaves sprout from the thick buds and have a pretty dull purple leaf color! Unlike regular horse sticking the buttons do not. An important means of identification! In the normal horse chestnut leaf buds are covered with a sticky syrup, dwarf not have this feature.

Miniature Horse Chestnuts are known for their beautiful flowers. The variety has Koehnei pink – yellow flowers that resemble candles are at the end of the branch and the leaders. Chestnuts have, as one of the first trees in the spring runs, see their leaves early. Coming out of the chestnut leaf, climatologically speaking, the harbinger of spring.

The var. Koehnei well as other chestnuts bloom in April or early May with striking pink – yellow flowers. This is the flower bud enclosed in a thick brown button. The flower is terminal on the main and side branches. The opposite is the leaf buds appear. The magazine develops long to steal and five-petalled leaf structure.

I have this wonderful, slow-growing dwarf form grafted on a stem. The five-petalled leaf changes color from red to purple and then green. In the spring appear reddish flower plumes, the beautiful fruit in autumn. These fruits are unlike any ordinary horse thorny bark.

The above cultivar grows only 10 to 15 inches per year. Grafted onto a tall, this very beautiful tree in small gardens can be perfectly applied.

4. Care

This cultivar is also a regular horse chestnuts deciduous. He is hardy and frost resistant. Standard trees should be tied to a pole. There is not much space for these dwarf plants prefer a solitary tree (= single). Pruning does not have, but you want to do so then the best pruning time when all the leaves are fallen. Pruning may also in summer. Limit pruning a mature tree to a minimum. Lots of water, located on the root development, should be removed. This sphere does, once he has the characteristic shape, rarely to be pruned.

Horse Chestnuts make few demands, but on a clayey or loamy soil they grow in any case the best. Other soils, such as sandy humeuze are also appreciated. On a warm, sheltered place until they are well catered. A beautiful green leaves, good fall color and beautiful blooms are the reward for a warm sunny spot.

Remarkable is also that this dwarf horse chestnut very early in autumn finery go. In late October, most of their leaves already lost.

The horse chestnut leaf miner (Cameraria ohridella) have it and other dwarf cultivars pavia alone and prefers the normal horse. A few other dwarf species have absolutely no damage from this moth!

5. Summary:

Light: Sun or partial shade.
Height: A stocky trunk grafted on spherical shape is not larger than 3-4m.
Flowering time: April – early May
Flowers: dark pink-red candles with some yellow tones, terminally.
Soil pH: Slightly acidic to neutral, permeable.
Type: Shrub, small tree trunk or spherical (grafted).
Plant Characteristics: The blade is developing long to steal and five-petalled leaf structure.
Autumn Colour: Intense golden yellow to orange-brown fall color
Fruit: large, round, not spiny husks of chestnuts in inedible. Brown to red fruits.
Pruning Tips: After leaf fall, if necessary.
Use: flowers, bee plant, autumn color.

In total we have 50 in a nursery – many rare varieties of dwarf horse-chestnuts, you can admire them all on our website. Most are grown as a shrub, but there are also a number of half-tall or grafted.

Author: Jo De Martelaer.
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