the ordinary green spruce (Picea abies synonym: Picea excelsa)
This is the most common Christmas tree sold.
“Oh, pine, fir oh what are your branches wonderful” botany is seen not entirely accurate, since it is not a pine (Pinus sylvestris), but a spruce (Picea). Perhaps this confusion is due to the German name of the spruce, “Tannenbaum”. That song sounds thus: O Tannenbaum, O Tannenbaum, sind deine Blätter TREU Who!
The spruce is next to the pine is the most common conifer in Europe. Naturally, he is not in our country. The origin lies in northern Europe and much of Asia. At the end of the 18th century, however, massive spruce planted.
The spruce has a smooth, reddish brown bark. The pointed and bright green needles are about 1 to 2 inches long. The downward hanging, light-brown cones are 10 to 18 cm long. The cones open only from the second year they hang on the pine, where the winged seeds from the scales can fly away. During the spring and summer, the seeds can find their way through the wind and in the fall are the old cones on the ground.
The Benelux countries are often not older than 60 years and reach an average height of 40 meters. In the countries of origin they thrive much better and can even 200 years old and 60 meters high.
The spruce forest is also important for timber production. The wood of the spruce is commercially known under the name of pine. Spruce is fairly soft and yellowish in color.
During the Christmas season, the evergreen fir symbol for eternal life and cones for fertility. This spruce is the most advertised and purchased Christmas tree. It is not an expensive Christmas tree, but after entering into the warm and dry homes quite sensitive to needle loss. When sawed specimens, this phenomenon is even more striking than in Christmas trees are sold with a plant root ball.
Latin name: Picea abies
Dutch name: spruce
Leaf color: green
Evergreen: Evergreen / evergreen
Location: Sun, partial shade
Crop type: conifer / conifer
Habitat: Normal Soil