Pinus strobus weymouthden or as ornamental trees in parks and forests planted.
Pinus strobus (Bot.)
Eastern white pine (Eng.)
Weymouthskiefer, Strobe (German)
Pin blanc (Fr
Pineaceae – Pine family
This was the 1700 from North America to Europe imported. The British settlers had quickly through the wood of the white pine was used for many purposes (poles and furniture).
The Dutch name is derived from that of the English Lord Weymouth who at the beginning of the 18th century for the first time in his English garden plantings. Weymouthden the U.S. can reach a height of 60 meters. In Europe he is not higher than 25 m.
The weymouthden is native to eastern North America and Canada. For the Indians it was always a special tree. He was used to make objects and medicine of it. He is also the symbol of the tribe of the Iroquois: a mythological and artistic character. It was planted as a Tree of Peace (Tree of Peace) nav ‘The Treaty of the Great Peace was signed in 1701 in Montreal. This treaty sealed the peace between Indian tribes and the Canadian government.
The crown of the first weymouthden is conical, flattened later. The shape is often irregular and the branches at wide intervals. The twigs are thin, fine hair first, later naked.
The brush-like needles are together on the short shoots. They are blue-green and very soft. The interior has white stripes.
The male flowers are yellow and cylindrical, the female flower cones pedunculate and greenish.
The cones are stalked, slender, cylindrical, slightly curved and light brown. They are also called “banana cones” called. The cone scales are leathery and covered with resin. The seeds ripen in the fall of the second year.
The weymouthden in Europe has become a valuable forest tree, although at first he was very susceptible to rust fungus. By selection of unaffected trees have been successfully, to breed resistant varieties. Furthermore, we found that the fungus for its lifetime ribessoorten specific needs, which serve as intermediate hosts. Canada has therefore banned the import of certain ribessoorten. needles and cones
The corrosion attack in the 19th century, especially in North America caused great damage.
The wood of the red nucleus weymoutden has a yellow and white-yellow sapwood. It is suitable for making furniture and musical instruments, mainly for the construction of organs. Previously there were signs of it.
Lofts are often made from untreated weymouthhout. The smell seems to match racers a positive effect.
In 1761 England claimed weymouthstammen thick for ships’ masts and this led to conflicts with the colonists.
With us, the weymouthden as an ornamental tree in parks and forests planted.
There are also some dwarf forms are available for the rock garden.
Weymouthden the likes cool and moist climate and deep moist soil in partial shade. He is hardy.