Populus balsamifera / balsam poplar

Populus balsamifera balsam poplar or: characteristics and types
Balsam Poplar / Populus balsamifera

Salicaceae – Willow family

Balsam poplar, balm of Gilead (Eng.)

Peuplier balm containers (French)

balsam-Pappel (German)

Journal of the balsam poplar

The balsam poplar in the Netherlands as a park and street tree planted. He belongs to the so-called Tacamahaca group that includes about 10 species of poplars. Their opening buds spread a balm smell.

Balsam poplar catkins of

They are native to the eastern part of North America and grow it in mixed forests.

White (or western) balsam poplar

Populus trichocarpa (Bot.)

Western balsam poplar, black cottonwood (Eng.)

Peuplier balm containers de l’Ouest (French)

Westliche balsempappel (German)

balsam poplar leaves of the white
Leaves of the white balsam poplar

This balsam poplar is native to the western part of North America from Alaska to California. He is with us as a street tree planted. It is a fast growing tree with a conical crown later in life is broad and rounded. It can grow to 40 meters high and is the largest poplar. In his homeland he sometimes reaches 60 m. The open canopy consists of standing upright branches in whorls. The first smooth, yellow-green bark, leaves later on in small plates apart.

The branches are first yellow, later reddish shiny. The opening buds exude a balsamic odor.

catkins of the white balsam poplar
Catkins of the white balsam poplar

The dark green foliage has a gray-green underside. Along veins often reddish. The edges are finely serrated.

In early April before the leaves appear on trees, the male kittens approx 8 cm long, their seeds in May in white woolen fluff spread.

The flowers on the female trees are light green. This tree is susceptible to wind, especially for sea breezes.

The third type that I want to mention is the

Balsam poplar Siberian

Populus x berolinensis (Bot.)

Berlin Poplar, Russian poplar (Eng.)

Peuplier de Berlin (French)

Berliner Lorbeer-Pappel (German)

Balsam poplar leaf Siberian Siberian balsam poplar

This poplar species was found in 1865 as a cross between Populus nigra and Populus laurels folia ‘Italica’. He has a broad columnar to oval crown and is 25 meters high. The oval leaves are glossy dark green spitsgepunte up with a gray-green underside. Depending on the weather the leaves change color in autumn yellow. He is quite wind resistant.

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