Pinus pinea or umbrella pine is often planted along streets, squares and gardens
forest of umbrella pine umbrella pine
Pinus pinea (Bot.)
Italian stone pine, umbrella pine (Eng.)
Pin parasol (French)
Schirmpinie, Pinie (German)
Pineaceae – Pine family
The umbrella pine, with its quaint, screen-shaped, arched crown a characteristic of the evergreen trees of the Mediterranean. They have to suit the climate in this area (dry, hot summers, mild, wet winters) adjusted.
The umbrella pine is about 25 m high. The branches are generally rising at an acute angle to the stem. The needles are in pairs on the short shoots and are 10-18cm long, stiff and stinging, light to dark. The male flowers are crowded at the base of the young shoots. They are cylindrical, long and yellow. The female flower cones stand upright and the three of us are yellow-green.
The cones are ovate to broadly ovate, 10-15 cm long and 10 cm wide. They are shiny brown. The dekschubben strongly arched. The seeds are edible and dark brown (pine nuts). They are only ripe in the autumn and winter of the third year after flowering.
The bark is gray to reddish brown and furrowed ..
The umbrella pine is a widely branched root system.
The fragrant resin is intended to produce turpentine.
The seeds (pine nuts) are used to dishes a nutty flavor.
In Southern Europe, the umbrella pine is often planted along streets, squares and gardens. In the Netherlands and Belgium it is not winter hardy.
History and Symbolism
The umbrella pine is a symbol of victory over death. Like other evergreen seed-bearing trees, he radiates vitality and fertility of. In oriental cultures, he also symbolized courage, loyalty, steadfastness and strength of character.
The umbrella pine, around 400 BC. to Greece and later from there to Italy. Around 200 BC .. The seeds were used in Egypt to aid digestion, colds, kidney problems and stomach pains.