Wild plum, or kroosjespruim mirabelles: Prunus domestica insititia
Wild plum / or Kroosjespruim mirabelles
Prunus domestica insititia (botanical name)
European plum, damask plum, Eurasian wildplum (English)
Prunier sauvage (French)
Kriechenpflaume, Zibarte, wild Bergpflaume, Hundspflaume (German)
Rosaceae – Rose family
Plum delicious summer fruits as we know that we are on the (super) market to buy or in the garden to harvest. There are blue, yellow, green, violet and yellow rose varieties and all are (when ripe), juicy and sweet. They are cultivated, improved varieties (Prunus domestica). The wild plum, which they descended, is only a few places. In Europe, the kroosjespruim (Prunus domestica insititia) in U.S. American wild plum (Prunus americana, Prunus subcordata, Prunus maritima).
Distribution of the kroosjespruim (Prunus domestica insititia)
According to archaeological findings grew kroosjespruim already in the Stone Age. In the Netherlands in excavations in Geldrop (N.-Br.) in an old well of the kernels kroosjespruim found. He was from the Caucasus to Europe by the Celts were. At leihellingen in southern Germany (in the Black Forest and around Freiburg), through fields and hedges, he can still be found. On a small scale he is on the German island of Mainau in Lake Constance grown.
The English name Plum damask (prunum damascunum) means plum from Damascus. This indicates that wild plums were also cultivated in antiquity around the city of Damascus, introduced to England by the Romans. This is probably because people on the island of seeds in archaeological excavations in the Roman encampments found.
It is not known to me that in the Netherlands or Belgium kroosjespruim grows in the wild. He is present with some fruit growers of old fruit varieties for sale.
Kroosjespruim is a deciduous, medium sized shrub or fruit tree (not to be confused with sloe), in the spring – before the leaves appear – with white, fragrant flowers, blooms and small, round, purple fruit. The branches are gedoornd.
American Wild Plum (Prunus americana)
He was introduced in North America by English settlers.
It is a large shrub with fruit that resemble cherries. It grows at the edges of Oregon, California and northern Nevada and can withstand extreme temperatures. The taste is similar to cranberries. Indians gathered the ripe fruit for this to dry. Thus, they had a vitamin-rich winter stock. The wild plum was discovered in 1843 by Captain Lassen, a pioneer who was on his way from Oregon to California. Because he liked the fruit, he took some seeds with this spread.
Western Pacific or plum (Prunus subcordata) is a kind of wild plums as large shrub or small tree in the U.S. through canyons, hills, along rivers and roads and in clearings in pine forests grow. Indian Lakotastam called the moon in August, “plum red moon” because it has been months of maturation.
Prunus maritima (beach plum) is a fruit-bearing shrub along the east coast of the U.S. grows.
The name is derived from the Latin plum Prunus word that goes back to the Greek word prounos, an ancient name for the plum tree. The Latin word means insititia used for grafting. This indicates that these wild plum species used as rootstock for the breeding of plum culture.
Kroos Plums are rich in vitamin C and tannin. With much sugar can make it delicious jam or jelly. On alcohol, the plum brandy. The tea leaves can be drawn that is good for coughs.
In the Black Forest is one of the wild plum or Zibarte Zibertlibrand, a particular specialty in the field of ‘plum schnapps.
Of hard wood was used tools, buttons and walking sticks made.
For the Indian plum Omahastam was the sign that corn, beans and squash could be planted. The Dakota Indians used the seeds of plums games. For their “Sun Dance Ceremony used the Cheyenne – Indian branches of wild plum. From the bark they made a medicine for coughs, kidney and bladder disorders and to disinfect.
Wild Plum is due to its extensive root system suitable bush to prevent erosion.
Symbolism and popular use
The wild plum is a symbol of independence. It is the national flower of Taiwan, often depicted in Asian art.
According to legend an Austrian frees a young man a house of venomous snakes by branches of a kriechenbaum ‘(kroosjesboom) in a circle to explain. After he has the wood on fire, he speaks incantations. The snakes crawl on all sides to the fire and set on fire.
The fruit of the ‘zibartlibaum “comes in many legends about dwarfs for.