Ornamental Pears: species, pruning, and general usage information
Ornamental Pear (Pyrus)
Pears are delicious fruit that most people love. They are harvested from trees that are cultivated from the wild pear, which we seldom find in the wild.
There are also species that do not deliver pears for human consumption. These are however by some birds eat.
These species are grown for their lush blooms and beautiful fall color. Previously they had little interest in these trees. On the French missionary Joseph Callery, we owe it that this tree of the 19th century the interest has come. From China has he introduced into Western Europe. Meanwhile, here are several cultivars and grown as avenue and street trees planted. He was also a garden – and espalier popular.
Ornamental Pear trees are small (8 -12 m) in early spring with lush white flower clusters bloom so that the tree covered with snow looks. The flowers have five sepals with center pistil and stamens. After flowering, small brown fruits that are attractive to birds only.
Pyrus calleryana is a strong growing tree with an oval crown and gedoornde sharp twigs. The leaves are oval and shiny.
Pyrus calleryana ‘Autumn Blaze’ is a cultivar with a pyramidal American upright growth habit. The young leaf is reddish, but is rapidly green. The leaves change color in autumn striking red and fall off soon.
Pyrus calleryana ‘Bradford’ is an American cultivar with an oval crown later settles and is almost fan-shaped. The deep green leaves remain long on the tree, weak color purple.
Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’ is most often planted for its beautiful bloemtuilen with 6 to 12 are grouped together and autumn coloring in yellow and red tones.
Pyrus calleryana ‘Redspire “remains slightly smaller than the other species. He has a compact growth habit. The leaves change color in autumn yellow and purple.
Pyrus nivalis (Snow Pear) is a small tree. The young shoots are silvery hairs. The trunk is dark gray, almost black. He is free. The underside of the leaves remain throughout the year witviltig. It gets a dark red color in fall. Coinciding with the new magazine appear bloemtuilen felty hairy with white flowers. In late summer appear yellowish green fruit with a sour taste.
Pyrus salicifolia (wilgbladige peer) is a small at most 8 m high tree with thin, overhanging, gedoornde twigs. He is often as wide as high. His bark is silvery gray. The narrow lance-shaped leaves are gray-white, later gray-green, felt-like hairs. It looks like willow leaves. The flowers appear simultaneously with the blade. The creamy white flowers are inconspicuous among the silver-gray leaves.
This is also a weeping form betstaat Pyrus salicifolia ‘Pendula’.
The wood of ornamental pear is so decorative that it is sometimes used for turning. There are also piano keys and ornate handles made of. It is also suitable for inlay work.
The ornamental pear has little pruning. At the end of winter, you can remove damaged or dead branches. You can prune some branches in the crown for more light into the tree to bring.
Pyrus calleryana (Bot.)
Callery pear (Eng.)
Chinesische Ische Wildbirne (German)