Sophora – Honey Tree

Tree: pagoda tree Sophora japonica or

(Japanese pagoda tree or Pagoda Tree)

Sophora japonica (botanical)

Japanese Pagoda Tree (English)

Arbre de Miel, Arbre des Pagodas (French)

Japanischer Schnurbaum, Perlenschnurbaum (German)
Leguminosae – butterfly flower family

Maastricht in early August I photographed a number of flowering Sophora’s. In this time of year do you expect any flowering trees. You’d almost think it’s going to Robinia, but that bloom in June. Sophora fact resembles the American Robinia. This particular tree we ever been to parks, botanical gardens or along roads meet, is resistant to drought and the exhaust from cars. He does not suffer from diseases. The butterfly-like creamy white flower clusters are very popular with bees. When they have finished and fall, snow appears to be bottoming. It is a carpet of petals.

Origin and name

Of the genus Sophora there are about 50 species, Sophora japonica which does well in areas with temperate climates. Most other species grow in Hawaii, New Zealand and Mauritius. Sophora is endemic in Japan, as the attachment japonica suggests, but in China and Korea. There, he was largely sacred temple tree and tree venerated cemeteries. In 1747, the first seeds by a French Jesuit missionary to the Botanical Garden in Paris sent.

Sophora can be quite old. In China is a sample of approximately 100 years old.

Sophora is the Arabic name for the plant Cassia Sophora by Linne and taken over. Cassia cassia comes from the Greek word that means spicy bark.

Plant Characteristics

Sophora is a deciduous tree 25 m high with a rounded crown. With age it takes the form of an umbrella on. The branches remain green for several years.

Leaves: They are about 20 inches long and odd pinnate. They are kortgesteeld, oblong to ovate and have a spine tip. The top is dark green, underside gray green and finely hairy. They have a yellow fall color.

Flowers: They appear in long, hanging bunches and are yellowish white. The tree blooms only from the age of 15 years.

Fruit: The pods are 5-8 cm long that rarely appear.

The gray-green bark created over the years cracks.


Sophora prostate is a fuzzy growing shrub that forms left and right angled shooting. In June-July appear bright yellow, bell-shaped flowers. This species is suitable as pot plant.

Another tub plant Sophora prostate ‘Dragons Gold’, flowering dwarf Honingboomeen. It is a low shrub with small, round leaves. It blooms with yellow pea flowers from March to June.

Sophora davidii has white flowers, drooping branches Sophora pendula. Sophora tetrapteda has large yellow flowers with long stamens.


The flower buds are used in Asia as a means of paint (light yellow).

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