Sorbus aucuparia, or rowan: species, location, origin, characteristics, …
German: Eberesche or Vogelbeere Family: Rosaceae (rose family)
1.Herkomst and naming
The Rowan Tree is native to Europe, western Siberia and Asia Minor. It flowers in May with white screens gradually from green to orange or yellow berries develop.
The Latin word “Sorbus” means fruit and ‘aucupor “trapping because the Romans the orange berries of this tree used as bait. Thrush does hippende rowan and bird is derived from the Sanskrit word runa which means sorcerer. The Rowan is also called bead tree berry tree or bird kwetsenbeienboom mentioned. In England they called this tree also wood witch, witch wood so because it was believed that it gave protection against witches.
Like apple, pear and hawthorn belongs to the family of the rowan likes the Rose (Rosaceae). He is a height of approximately 15 meters and is often Multi-trunk. He has a slender, smooth stem and a relatively wide crown. Typically, the leaf sprung. It has 9 to 15 lanceolate zijblaadjes zaagtandig which are serrated. In late April they come out and fall off early in the autumn. Beautiful yellow and often tinged with red. Rowan flowers in May with exuberant bloemtuilen a bit like apple blossom. The flowers are yellowish white and strong smells (not very nice).
The orange-red fruit is not a true berry but a stone fruit, actually a mini-apple, because it owns 2.3 rock hard seeds are ripe in August and announce the fall. The meat is acidic and has an aromatic flavor. Birds responsible for the distribution, because the indigestible seeds leave their body. Rowan has plenty of light and in the Netherlands usually planted as avenue trees.
Rowan is the wood of the heart, dichtgenerfd and suitable to make furniture, utensils, exercise equipment, thumb – and measuring sticks of it.
After the fruit 8 to 12 hours soaked in diluted vinegar, they can be processed into jam, possibly mixed with apples.
In Germany, put the berries in gin. They are high in vitamin C. Dried and ground, they provide a tasty meal on.
They are roasted as a coffee substitute to use.
4.Symboliek, myths and superstition
Rowan is a symbol for wisdom, strength and protects against evil. She is among the Celts the magic tree. The Celtic Druids used rowan sticks in their rituals. Particularly in Wales, the rowan tree revered as holy. According to an ancient Irish legend, the woman emerged from a Rowan. In the Scottish Highlands, the rowan planted against sorcery. Also showed the shepherds their flocks each year under the branches of a rowan go through. Pigs they gave an infusion of berries to protect against disease.
For the ancient Greeks, she was dedicated to Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty.
According to a Roman legend grew berries in the blood drops of an eagle who fought with the demons.
The ash was used often in cemeteries like magic tree and planted to deter demons.
Sorbus aucuparia ‘Fastigiata’ is a columnar implementation of the common ash that grows slowly and not much higher than 7 meters. The leaves are dark green suspension. The nice cream colored flower heads appear in May-June. Then, large deep red berries with tuile, which is about 1.2 inches in diameter. The birds seem not to like, so they stay until mid-October to the tree. To get a nice straight trunk fits the breeder often the trick: the tree is 2 meters high on a rootstock of Sorbus aucuparia ‘Edulis’ refined.
Several of the ordinary ash ornamental forms with yellow and orange berries.
Sorbus aucuparia ‘Edulis’ can be seen as a wild fruit tree. He is native throughout Europe, except the coast of southern Spain and Portugal. In 1810 in Moravia, a mutant lacking bitter substance to plus and spread from there. These 8 to 15 m high, fast growing tree has odd pinnate leaves composed of five to ten couple of leaves. He differs from the berries of bitter dust are dark green, toothed only above and beyond smooth edges, narrow and focused at the base sheet (with the wild species that blunt). The inflorescence is a bunch with lots of cream, single flowers.
Other valuable cultivars with edible berries are:
* Sorbus aucuparia ‘Konzentra’ was selected in Dresden and since 1954 in the trade. This cultivar with relatively small fruits, each year gives high yields. He is particularly suitable for making juice and jelly.
* Sorbus aucuparia ‘Rosina’ in Dresden has also grown. He has large, bright red fruit and spicy, aromatic. Suitable for jelly, juice, compote and to preserve. Very high yield.
Very closely related to ordinary Meelbes the rowan (Sorbus aria) This tree is 20 meters high and has a dense, round crown. Its leaves are elliptic to circle around and have no cuts. They are at the bottom witviltig. It flowers in May, also with white flower clusters and develops deep red berries that birds like to be eaten. The Meelbes is important to us as an ornamental tree in parks planted.
The Swedish Rowan (Sorbus intermedia) arose from a spontaneous cross between the ordinary and the rowan meelbes. The leaves are lobed with serrated edges a lot. The underside is gray felt-like hairs. The flowers are larger than the ordinary ash. The fruits are oblong, orange and ripe until September. They are mealy with a sweet flavor and usually contain two seeds. This tree is very good against wind file. The wood is white and core charge. It is easy to fissures and is therefore suitable for the manufacture of sticks, cones and wooden balls.
In the Netherlands is almost unknown species Sorbus domestica, a 20 meter high tree with feathery leaves, large white flower clusters and pear-shaped red berries in September. It grows mainly in sub-Mediterranean climate in mixed oak forests in wine regions and is sensitive to late frost.
Ordinary rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) thrives on moderately dry, nutrient-poor acidic soil, but preferably on moist, humus-rich soil. He likes lots of sun, but will also work nicely in partial shade. He is not sensitive to frost.