Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Canadian hemlock, eastern hemlock

Or hemlock Tsuga canadensis is a beautiful conifer that to us as an ornamental tree in parks and cemeteries are planted

Western hemlockTsuga canadensis (Bot.) – Canadian (Eastern) Hemlock
Canadian hemlock, eastern hemlock (Eng.)
Pruche the Canada (French)
Kanadische Hemlocktanne (German)

Western hemlock (Bot.) – western hemlock
Western hemlock (Eng.)
Tsuga de Californie (French)
West Amerikanische Hemlocktanne (German)

Pinaceae – pine family

Hemlock is a familiar element in the North American landscape. It is a beautiful conifer that to us as an ornamental tree in parks and cemeteries are planted. Though he hears the pine family, he has a very different growth habit. It is a tree with a balanced construction, peace and grace. Typically the top that you’re sort of leaning forward with his nod.


The Canadian (Eastern) hemlock is native to northeast, the western in northwestern North America. It is one of the few conifer genera that occur in the Americas and Asia, but no representatives in Europe.

It grows in shady, damp areas with acid soil, in the mountains to 1600 m. It is hardy, but susceptible to drought.

Canadian Hemlock

Plant Characteristics

The Canadian hemlock can reach a height of 50 meters. With us he is more than 20 meters high. He has a broad, conical crown. The ends of the perpendicular branches are drooping.

The needles are short steal distributed to the twig. At the ends are shorter than on the sides of the twigs, and there are no two in the same direction. Their top is pale green, striking the underside white to light gray with two white stripes and a green border. They are 8-18 mm long and flat. It is a monoecious tree. The male flowers are round and yellow-green, light green erect female cones.

The cones are very numerous, short petioled ovate, brown and small.

The bark is gray-brown and slightly furrowed.

The western hemlock is 80 tall. Its first crown is conical, later irregular width. He prefers coastal areas with high humidity and is often planted in us less than the Canadian (Eastern).

Canadian Hemlock

Tsuga mertensiana the berghemlock has needles around the branches obliquely to the end of it set on. Over the soft green is a shiny gray haze. Moreover, the summit of this kind of upright.

branch of the Canadian hemlock


There are Japanese types, e.g. Tsuga diversifolia (a slow grower) and

Tsuga siboldii.

Gardeners in eastern North America discovered the great variety of these conifers and dwarf forms are numerous cultivated.

An impressive weeping form is Tsuga canadensis ‘Pendula’, which more than 3 m

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