The mistletoe, mistletoe or mistletoe – Viscosum album: the story of a parasite and parasite half

The Viscum album, also called Mistletoe, Mistletoe Bird Glue or called a special plant, through the English Christmas tradition here has been entered. You know the story: a piece of mistletoe hanging in the doorway and you get a kiss from one who is standing on that spot. The mistletoe, which grows in the crowns of trees alive and green even in midwinter, and its peculiar, fork-shaped branched stalks and ribbon-shaped leaves, has been the most ancient times to the imagination of people spoke. In the mythology of many peoples, she played a major role and was honored as a sacred plant in ancient Europe. She was the symbol of the reawakening life and played a major role in the religious celebration of the solstice, the shortest day.
wereld biografie
Olmec Civilization
Inca Civilization
Nazca-lijnen en Cahuachi Cultuur
Aarde Hypothese

Druids used it as a sacrifice to the gods with golden knives and the mistletoe they are pruned from the trees and prepared drinks are healing. At full moon were the priests the sacred oak forest, with two white bulls at his side, who shone in the moonlight. What rituals they performed, we know not, but that the mistletoe or mistletoe still appeals to the imagination.

In the Celtic language meant mistletoe ‘cure-all’ and they believed that the miraculous healing powers. It not only cured diseases, but could also cleanse all toxins, fertilize, protect people from witchcraft, and protect the house from ghosts. Mistletoe brought happiness to anyone who had.


We know that there are animals that live as parasites on other people and their proboscis their victims to bleed to feed themselves so. There are also plants that are not using their roots feed, but
easier to find a meal with others to find. This plant, however, half parasite.
The plant lives on the branches of its host and drains the water there, and with that water, the presence of nutrients that other plants from the soil record. She-opt not only to the pocket of her host, because the carbon dioxide assimilation shall itself accounted for. Unlike chlorophyll and parasites, it also is actually half parasite. She is also able to include the water and their corresponding salts, and carbon dioxide from the air itself all the substances it needs to prepare for the construction of her body.

The yellowish green stalks are removed immediately from the branches of the ‘housing boom and fork-shaped branch out, always two by two, because at the end of each twig is a flower bud. Although they are rather brittle, they can still withstand the winter storms because their leaves are at the foot always more or less twisted. This means that different parts of the blade in different directions, so that the air in much smaller streams dissolved.

Lack of water is a problem that the mistletoe in winter faces. The water they used, it can only get from the tree on which she lives and it can from the cold, frozen ground is often very little water intake. But the leaves are leathery and therefore the plant is able to withstand drought for months. A cut branch remains even in the room very long verse.

The flowers, look no further than big green buttons, the dioecious mistletoe are very small and unobtrusive, both in shape and also color. They are barely visible, but it smells strongly and contain honey. That’s why they get many visitors from insects, especially since the flowers open in March and there is little honey sources found. In a normal flower are sepals and petals, stamens and pistils and clearly distinguishable. Mistletoe flower shows this distinction. There are only a few millimeters long four petals, which are both sepals and petals and pollen also produce (in male flowers). The female flower is no clear masher, but only a little high arched stalk-like tissue seen.


Now how is that strange plant (in) the tree?

The only truly striking appearance, is the fruit. The berries are about the size of a pea, whose white color stand out clearly against the green of leaves and branches. They have a translucent skin including the mucous tissue is visible.
They are eagerly eaten particularly special not only by the mistle thrush (Turdus viscivorus), but also by his cousin, the great kramvogel (Turdus pliaris). The waxwing (Bombycila garruus) also provides for the distribution of mistletoe at higher altitudes to grow Abies and Pinus.

The berries are extremely sticky juice (lime) so that the seeds easily stick to their feathered butt. If they are eaten then change the droppings of the birds in a sticky, glue-like substance in long strings is pulled out. Iron birds now, after the meal, their beaks on, a branch, or stick them continue their droppings, then the hard, indigestible seeds in its place where they can
germinate. The chance that they will develop there is great, because in that place securely fastened.
So it is to explain why they often carrots on the side or bottom of a branch. The kiemworteltje that always manages to find the branch, so the light penetrates the bark afgroeit-up within the wood and then sends out roots in all directions that run beneath the bark. From this “marsh roots’ roots than others, the ‘zinc roots’ in the young wood layer and penetrate increasingly deeper into the ever thickening branch reach.

This plant is found in England and central Europe to the Dutch South Limburg and grows mostly poplars, fruit trees and conifers also they have to.
It has therefore long thought that the plant has a preference for those trees. But it’s not the Mistletoe who prefer one tree grows on the other, but the mistle thrush who prefer sitting in orchards or poplar.

Want to try?

Do you want a mistletoe in the garden. Then buy the florist a branch with berries. Squeeze the berries fine and lubricate the sticky seeds on the tree branch. A large thrush It is not necessary. And then wait for it.

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